Install NextCloud Server by Manual Method On Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 With Apache2, MariaDB And PHP 7.3

In this tutorial, we will install and configure Latest Nextcloud 17.0.2 on an Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server. As always we will do it one by one in Simple Steps.

Nextcloud is a fork of ownCloud used for file-sharing servers to store your personal data like documents and pictures in a centralized location, like Dropbox or Google Drive. Nextcloud is fully open-source software. Your data privacy and security are much better when you use a self-hosted server instead of using Third-party cloud services like Google Drive or Dropbox. Nextcloud is GDPR and HIPAA compliant, it gives you encrypted data with the ability to audit.

Step 1: Install Apache Web Server

Nextcloud is a PHP based Web Application, So we need a web server for it. Apache is one of the most used Web Servers on the internet.

Install Apache2 Web Server by running the below command.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

Verify that the Apache Web Server is installed correctly by pointing your browser at http://mydomain/ and replace the mydomain with your current FQDN. You should see output like the below image.


Step 2: Install PHP7.3 and it’s Additional Modules

PHP is one of the most used programming languages for creating Web Apps. The Current Stable release of PHP is 7.4.1 but PHP version 7.3 is recommended for better compatibility and stability.

For installing PHP 7.3 we have to add ppa:ondrej/php repository to our server by running the below command. Because the latest versions of PHP are not available in Ubuntu’s default repository.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php
sudo apt-get update

So, now we can install PHP 7.3 and its additional modules by running the below command

sudo apt-get install php7.3 libapache2-mod-php7.3 php7.3-gd php7.3-json php7.3-mysql php7.3-curl php7.3-mbstring php7.3-intl php-imagick php7.3-xml php7.3-zip
sudo service apache2 restart

After that, Verify that PHP is installed successfully by running the below command.

php -v


[email protected]:~# php -v
 PHP (cli) (built: Dec 18 2019 14:48:49) ( NTS )
 Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
 Zend Engine v3.3.13, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
     with Zend OPcache, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies

After that, we create a PHP file for verifying that apache can process PHP files successfully. You can create the test file by simply running the below command.

echo "<?php phpinfo( ); ?>" > /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Now point your browser at the following URL http://mydomain/phpinfo.php. You should Output like the below image.


Now we have successfully installed Apache Web Server and PHP 7.3 on our server. So let’s move on to the Database part now.

Step 3: Install and Configure MariaDB Server

If you are looking for a fully open-source and reliable solution for a relational database, you should go with MariaDB Server because it’s one of the most used DB servers on the Internet.

Adding the MariaDB Latest Stable Version Repository

MariaDB may not be listed in Ubuntu 18.04 Default repositories. Therefore we have to add the MariaDB repository manually. So you can add it by running the below command.

For Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp:// 0xF1656F24C74CD1D8
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64,arm64,ppc64el] bionic main'
sudo apt update

For Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp:// 0xF1656F24C74CD1D8
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64,arm64,i386,ppc64el] xenial main'
sudo apt update

After that, we have the MariaDB packages listed in our servers repositories. For Confirm you can run the below command.

sudo apt list | grep mariadb-

As a result, you should see the output like below

[email protected]:~# apt list | grep mariadb-
 WARNING: apt does not have a stable CLI interface. Use with caution in scripts.
 libmariadb-dev/unknown 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic ppc64el
 libmariadb-dev-compat/unknown 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic ppc64el
 mariadb-backup/unknown 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic ppc64el
 mariadb-client/unknown,unknown,unknown 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic all
 mariadb-client-10.4/unknown,now 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic amd64 [installed,automatic]
 mariadb-client-core-10.4/unknown 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic ppc64el
 mariadb-common/unknown,unknown,unknown,now 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic all [installed,automatic]
 mariadb-server/unknown,unknown,unknown,now 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic all [installed]
 mariadb-server-10.4/unknown 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic ppc64el
 mariadb-server-core-10.4/unknown 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic ppc64el
 mariadb-test/unknown 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic ppc64el
 mariadb-test-data/unknown,unknown,unknown 1:10.4.11+maria~bionic all

So, now we have to install MariaDB Server which you can do by running the below command.

sudo apt install mariadb-server

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